Updated: Jun 5, 2019
Tommy Prince was born in a canvas tent in Petersfield, Manitoba, in October 1915, one of 11 children born to Harry and Elizabeth Prince of the Brokenhead Band of Ojibwa.
He was a descendent of Peguis, the Salteaux Chief. When he was five, his family moved to the Brokenhead Indian Reserve (now known as Brokenhead Ojibway Reserve) in Scanterbury.
Prince learned to be a superb marksman and an excellent tracker on the reserve. His father, a hunter and a trapper, taught him.
Prince applied to join the Canadian military several times, but was rejected. Aboriginal people faced widespread discrimination and that likely played a role in his rejection. He was finally accepted in the early years of the Second World War.
Prince enlisted in the Canadian ARMY on 3 June 1940 and was assigned to the 1st Field Park Company of the Royal Canadian Engineers. By 1942 Prince was a sergeant with the Canadian Parachute Battalion.
Posted to the 1st Canadian Special Service Battalion, he was among a select group of Canadian soldiers sent to train with an American unit to form the specialized assault team. They became the 1st Special Service Force (1st SSF), known to the enemy as the "Devil's Brigade."
Prince distinguished himself with the 1st SSF in Italy and France, using the skills he'd learned growing up on the reserve. He displayed his covert abilities in a celebrated action near the front line in Anzio, Italy.
In February 1944, he volunteered to run a communication line 1,400 metres out to an abandoned farmhouse that sat just 200 metres from a German artillery position.
He set up an observation post in the farmhouse and for three days reported on German movements via a communication wire.
When the wire was severed during shelling, he disguised himself as a peasant farmer and pretended to work the land around the farmhouse. He stooped to tie his shoes and fixed the wire while German soldiers watched, oblivious to his true identity.
At one point, he shook his fist at the Germans, and then at the Allies, pretending to be disgusted with both. His actions resulted in the destruction of four German tanks that had been firing on Allied troops.
In France in the summer of 1944, Prince endured a gruelling trek across rugged terrain to locate an enemy camp. He travelled without food or water for 72 hours. He returned to the Allied position and led his brigade to the German encampment, resulting in the capture of more than 1,000 German soldiers.
When the fighting ended in France, Prince was summoned to Buckingham Palace, where King George VI decorated him with the Military Medal (MM) and, on behalf of the American president, the Silver Star with ribbon.
He would also receive the 1939-1945 Star, the Italy Star, the France and Germany Star, the Defence Medal, the Canadian Volunteer Service Medal with Clasp and the War Medal.
Prince was one of 59 Canadians who were awarded the Silver Star during the Second World War, only three of whom also possessed the Military Medal.
Tommy Prince was honourably discharged on 15 June 1945 and returned to Canada.
Years later, Tommy re-enlisted in the military and served with the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI).
Prince resumed his former rank and began training new recruits for the Korean War. He was then part of the first Canadian unit to land in Korea, where he served with a PPCLI rifle platoon.
In Korea Prince led many “snatch patrols,” where a small group of soldiers would travel into enemy territory and launch sneak attacks before retreating. One overnight raid led to the capture of two enemy machine guns.
Despite Suffering from bad knees, forcing a return to Canada for treatment in 1951, Prince went back to Korea for a second tour in 1952. He was injured again and spent weeks in hospital, where he was still recovering when the Korea Armistice came into force in 1953, ending the fighting.
During two tours of duty in Korea he won the Korean, Canadian Volunteer Service and United Nations Service medals.
He returned to Canada and remained in the army, serving at Winnipeg’s personnel depot, until September 1954, when he was honourably discharged.
He died in Winnipeg on 25 November, 1977 at the age of 62.
Prince was buried in Brookside Cemetery, a military gravesite in Winnipeg, where a delegation of the Princess Patricia’s served as his pallbearers.
Men from his reserve chanted the “Death of a Warrior” song as he was lowered into the grave.
More than 500 people attended his funeral, including Manitoba’s lieutenant governor and the consuls from France, Italy and the US.
His tombstone mentions two of the 11 medals he earned, which made him Canada’s most decorated Aboriginal war veteran.